Was history told us wrong? Has the theory of religion collapsed? Will history be rewritten? Are there any extraterrestrials? Causing hundreds of new questions will tell Göbeklitepe is located in Turkey. I could publish it as a long series of articles, but I am publishing it in one piece because I think it is very engaging. Now take your coffee in hand and you will have different thoughts with each sip.

Göbeklitepe, which reveals a structure dating back to 10,000 BC, is considered the oldest and largest worship center in history. Göbeklitepe, which has attracted great interest from both local and foreign archaeologists since its discovery, reveals all the mysterious facts of the past one by one.

Göbeklitepe, on the one hand, provides to question all the researches and known facts about the history of humanity, on the other hand, it reveals the need to rewrite the established understanding of history and the history of religions. Here is the mysterious story of the temples that were covered and covered by people about 1000 years after they were built.

What is the Göbeklitepe Story?

Göbeklitepe, which was unearthed as a result of excavations led by German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, is thought to have been built 7,500 years before the Egyptian pyramids. Other signs on the ruins, where symbols of settled life and the first traces of wheat were found, reveal important information about that period. The icons, drawings, stones, sculptures and three-dimensional carvings discovered during the excavations manage to attract the attention of many world famous archaeologists. Every development and every new symbol found in the excavations that lasted for many years has a great repercussion both in the world archeology world and in scientific journals.

Garden of Eden?

According to Schmidt, Göbekli Tepe, now barren, was once a very fertile region. However, humanity caused the destruction of this “paradise” by causing the degradation of the environment. Stones found in Göbekli Tepe, BC. He was buried in 8000 AD.

Schmidt defends his claim, citing scriptures as well. It says in the Genesis chapter of the Bible that the garden of Eden is west of Assyria. Göbekli Tepe is also here. It is known that the Garden of Eden is surrounded by 4 rivers, two of which are the Euphrates and Tigris.

A civilization named Beth Eden is mentioned in the Assyrian tablets. The location of Göbekli Tepe is described. It is stated in the Torah that the garden is in the north of Syria.

The word Eden means the Sumerian Plain. Göbeklitepe is just inside the Harran Plain.

“This place is so extraordinary that the human mind has trouble understanding,” says Steve Mithen of the University of Reading.

Sirius Claim

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Italian archaeo-astronomer Giulio Magli of the Polytechnic University of Milan claims that Göbeklitepe, like Stonehenge, was built to follow the movements of celestial bodies and worship them. Magli bases his claim on the determination of the positions of the stars in the sky at the time when Göbeklitepe was built with the simulation he made.

The Italian astronomer says that the positions of the stars have changed in the last thousand years due to the movement of the Earth on its own axis, that the stars that once appeared close to the horizon rose and were seen in different positions, and it may take thousands of years for them to reappear. Sirius is the fourth brightest celestial body at dusk, after the Moon, Venus and Jupiter. Magli says that the ancient Egyptian calendar was prepared using the movements of Sirius and that it may have served similar purposes in the latitude where Göbeklitepe was located thousands of years ago. “Sirius appeared below the skyline 9300 years ago. We can think that a star suddenly appearing in the sky caused the birth of a religion, I think Göbeklitepe was built on the birth of a star ”.

Where is Gobeklitepe?

Göbeklitepe, which affects the history of religions and is accepted as the first known worship center, is located near Örencik Village in Şanlıurfa. The temple, which is about 20 km from the center of Sanliurfa, is located in the northeast of the city. Visitors show great interest to the historical place, which is accessible by taxi or minibus. It is useful to plan your trip here in advance, as some periods may be busy, such as public holidays.

How Was Göbeklitepe Discovered?

The region, which attracted attention in 1983, when a farmer plowing his field reported the carved stone found under the ground to the authorities, the value of the findings is understood much later, as it was not paid much attention at that time. Although the excavations initiated by the Şanlıurfa Museum Directorate in 1995 were initially perceived as ordinary excavations, the important findings discovered over time are enough to change what is known about human history.

Şanlıurfa Museum Directorate initiated an excavation under the consultancy of German archaeologist Harald Hauptmann. This work, thought to be one of the ordinary archaeological excavations, changed what is known about human history with the elements detected over time.

The detected sculptures, symbols, stones, drawings, 3D carvings started to attract attention. The studies continued for many years and each development had a great repercussion in the world of archeology and science journals. Those who want to see the region and follow the developments increased. The headline “Excavation site that stuns the archaeologists” issued by The Guardian newspaper in 2008 summarized the situation in the region.

The reliefs on the stones are still clearly visible, thanks to the fact that the works in the Göbeklitepe temple, which is thought to have been built in the Neolithic period, spread over a wide area and are very well preserved. The region called Mesopotamia is regarded as a critical and important point as it witnessed the birth and collapse of many civilizations throughout history.

Şanlıurfa Museum Directorate initiated an excavation under the consultancy of German archaeologist Harald Hauptmann. This work, thought to be one of the ordinary archaeological excavations, changed what is known about human history with the elements detected over time.

The detected sculptures, symbols, stones, drawings, 3D carvings started to attract attention. The studies continued for many years and each development had a great repercussion in the world of archeology and science journals. Those who want to see the region and follow the developments increased. The headline “Excavation site that stuns the archaeologists” issued by The Guardian newspaper in 2008 summarized the situation in the region.

What is The Mystery Of Göbeklitepe?

Gobekli TepeGobekli Tepe Quarry Klaus Schmidt and Charles Mann

Consisting of stones and giant columns arranged on top of each other, Göbeklitepe consists of a total of 20 “T” shaped columns made for religious purposes. There are human and animal figures on these columns, whose lengths vary between 3-6 meters.

Göbeklitepe, one of the oldest known temples in the history, proves how old the lives of hunter-gatherer societies are. However, considering that there were no wheelbarrows and other construction materials at that time, the process of building such a large building is still a mystery. The presence of animal figures on the unearthed stone pillars is assumed to be benefited from the power of the animals during the construction of the temple.

Sumerian Civilization (4000 BC): Tigris and Euphrates

Egyptian Civilization (3500 BC): Nile River

Maya Civilization (2600 BC): South America

Indian Civilization (2500 BC): Indus River

Chinese Civilization (1500 BC): The Yellow River

Looking at this chronology, the importance of Göbeklitepe, which emerged 7 thousand years before the Sumerians, known as the first civilization in human history, can be understood better.

The Neolithic Perıod is Coming

Gobeklitepe is a pre-historic site dating from roughly 12000 years ago, near Sanliurfa,.

Between 1995-2006, the excavations started uninterruptedly and since 2007 the Council of Ministers has passed the Stable Excavation status. 4 layers have been unearthed at Göbekli Tepe with the excavations carried out so far. The uppermost Level I is the agricultural surface fill, and the remaining 3 layers correspond to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic Period. The stratigraphy in Göbeklitepe comes from top to bottom as follows:

Layer I: Surface filling

II. Level A: Obelisk Angular Structures (8.000-9.000 BC).

II. B. Layer: Round-Oval Structures (Intermediate layer).

Level III: Obelisk Circular Structures (9.000-10.000 BC).

In Layer II A, which is dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic-B Phase and located just below the surface fill, rectangular structures with obelisks were found. In Aslanli Yapı, which is typical for this phase, there are four obelisks, two of which are opposite each other, on which a lion motif is embroidered. Round or oval planned structures were unearthed in Level II B, which has the characteristics of a transition layer between the Pottery Neolithic-A and B Phase.

The most important layer of Göbekli Tepe, which is dated to the Pottery Neolithic-A Phase. In Layer, large circular structures surrounded by obelisks draw attention. These structures, which are thought to be related to the culture, were formed by arranging T-shaped obelisks at certain intervals in a circle-like manner and surrounded by walls. In the center, there are two obelisks facing each other and larger than those on the sides. While the obelisks in the center are free standing, those on the sides are connected by walls or benches. The deliberate covering of these structures with soil and gravel filling after their completion made us think that they may be related to the cult of the dead. So far, four monumental structures have been found, and as a result of geomagnetic measurements, it has been determined that there are at least 20 monumental structures in Göbeklitepe.

The Secret of Göbeklitepe has not been Solved yet …

Göbeklitepe, which a shepherd found while grazing his animals, is the world’s oldest archaeological discovery. Until today, only 5 percent of it has been unearthed. There are many claims, rumors and modern-myths about him.

There are archaeologists, historians and astronomers who say that it is the Temple of Prophet Abraham, that it was built to worship Sirius, and that it is a parallel and similar belief to Stonehenge, whose secrets have not yet been elucidated. There were also those who claimed to have remained from the Sumerians, but the Sumerian theory does not match with the dating made.

There are also historians who maintain that the temple in Göbeklitepe was a quartet with the temples in Karahantepe, Sefertepe and Hamzantepe, which have not been excavated yet. There are historians who argue that the reason for the absence of bones is that it is not a tradition of burials and that the dead bodies are “buried in the sun”, that is, the bodies left in the open air are eaten by birds of prey.

Göbeklitepe is called the oldest temple in the world, “the place where religion was born” and even “Garden of Eden” (Garden of Eden). It is true that he completely changed the history books, but could it be the “Garden of Eden”?

German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, who led the excavations, said, “All the evidence shows that this is where humanity was born. Göbekli Tepe was a temple in the Garden of Eden where Adam and Eve lived, ”he said.

Even if the Garden of Eden is not at the top of the Harran Plain, a brand new discussion has begun. Following this, novels, documentaries and even conspiracy theories emerged as products of popular culture. For example, there are rumors that the Knights Templar returned the holy grail centuries later and hid it there.

German archaeologist Schmidt claims that the Garden of Eden, from which Adam and Eve were expelled, is in Sanliurfa. Archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, who claims that Göbekli Tepe is the place depicted in the holy books, argues that the findings prove this.

Based on the finds dating back 14,000 years, Schmidt claims that the place where Adam and Eve were expelled by eating the fruit of the forbidden apple tree is “Göbekli Tepe”.

Signed to Superhuman Assets

Gobekli TepeGobekli Tepe Quarry Klaus Schmidt and Charles Mann

In Göbeklitepe, the obelisks were cut from the rocks on the plateau around them. There are also rocks that have been cut and still not worked in the area. Also on these plateaus, on the rocks, there are cavities and some signs. There are various animal figures, mostly snakes, foxes, wild boars and birds, on the obelisks, which reach 5 meters in height. Although it comes to mind that human figures are depicted due to the arms and hands made in relief in some examples, the works representing non-human creatures with their extraordinary depictions attract attention.

How Was Life in Göbeklitepe?

Professor of excavations in Göbeklitepe for years and died in 2014. Dr. Klaus Schmidt gave the following information about daily life in Göbeklitepe:

“With the findings obtained in the excavations at Göbeklitepe, we reveal the world’s known that in this region, one of the oldest worship centers. However, we have determined that the largest worship center of the world’s worship center with the latest excavations. In our research, people lived in the Neolithic, wild cattle, When we examined the reliefs of scorpions, foxes, snakes, lions, wild asses, wild ducks and wild plants, we came to the conclusion that they could not domesticate their animals. it has the distinction of being the biggest temple. “

In the period when Göbeklitepe was built, human beings maintained their continuity in small groups collecting plants and hunting animals. Probably for the first time in history, people had to be together in such a crowded place in order to bring large columns and heavy stones from the rocky regions to Göbeklitepe by 2 kilometers without wheelbarrows and pack animals.

Rather than the pictures representing the hunting on the walls of the cave, the animal figures here are processed as single and reliefs, and reflect an artistically different understanding. There are scorpion, fox, bull, snake, wild boar, lion, crane and wild duck figures on the stones. According to some archaeologists, these animal figures are described as symbols of different tribes visiting the temple.

The Ancestor of Wheat is in Göbeklitepe

In line with the researches and findings obtained in the region, it was revealed that the ancestor of wheat, which is an important cultivated plant and has hundreds of genetic variations, was first grown on the skirts of Göbeklitepe.

Lion Figure on T Pillars

Archaeologists think that the T-shaped columns, which are between 3 and 6 meters in height, are stylized human figures. Unlike the other figures projected on the columns, the 3D lion relief depicted descending downwards draws attention. These and other lion figures strengthen the possibility that lions lived in Anatolia during the Neolithic period. The weight of the T-pillars representing people varies between 40 and 60 tons.

Agriculture for Beer!

The findings also show that stone age people drank beer. Six beer barrels have been found in the excavations so far, the largest of which is carved into limestone with a capacity of 160 liters. Klaus Schmidt, in the light of the findings, came to the conclusion that human beings started agriculture not for bread but for beer, and that this was the first time in Urfa.

Fluid Ceremonies

Assyrian Ceremonial Bucket

Archaeologists point out that the floors in the temple ruins were built in a way that was especially liquid-proof. From this, the idea is that they performed the ceremonies in the presence of a liquid (blood, water, alcohol, etc.), although it is not clear at the moment. (Photo: Tunç Süerdaş)

Sedentary Life With Temple, Not Agriculture

Göbeklitepe also refutes the thesis that “nomadic communities started settled life by learning agriculture”, which has been taught in history lessons for years. It was thought that the transition to settled life occurred with the advent of farming and animal husbandry. According to Schmidt, as a result of the constant gathering of hunting and gathering communities in religious centers such as Göbeklitepe, settled life was established. Due to the desire of crowded communities to be close to the worship center and the lack of sufficient resources to meet the needs of these communities, people turned to agriculture. In other words, agriculture did not bring settled life, it brought settled life agriculture as a result of the desire to stay around religious shrines.

Interesting Facts About Göbeklitepe

Göbeklitepe is a temple 7000 years older than Stonehenge in England and 7500 years older than the Egyptian pyramids.

In line with the researches and findings obtained in the region, it was revealed that the ancestor of wheat, which is an important cultivated plant and has hundreds of genetic variations, was first grown on the skirts of Göbeklitepe.

Klaus Schmidt, in the light of the findings, came to the conclusion that human beings started agriculture not for bread but for beer, and that this was the first time in Urfa.

Archaeologists point out that the floors in the temple ruins were built in a way that was especially liquid-proof. From this, the idea is that they performed the ceremonies in the presence of a liquid (blood, water, alcohol, etc.), although it is not clear at the moment.

The area uncovered so far in the excavation area shows that none of the buildings are houses, but rather an area established for monumental purposes.

Apart from the architectural finds, the most visible find is stone tools. Almost all of these are tools made of flint.

When people haven’t yet farmed, tamed animals, and discovered animals; The carving of human figures on the obelisks in Göbeklitepe and the symbolic expression style shown in the pictures and reliefs are quite remarkable. This situation shows that people had an aesthetic understanding and high consciousness at that time.

Atiye and Gobeklitepe

The second set of issues as Netflix Ati taken in Turkey is going Göbeklitepe. The subject of the series Atiye, which is a very fantastic production and introduces Göbeklitepe to the world, is as follows; The most curious feature of Atiye was its subject. Its trailers and actors are the biggest factor in this, of course. The subject of the series in which Beren Saat will play the role of Atiye is determined as follows; In his personal journey, a painter in Istanbul reveals the universal secrets of an archaeological site in Anatolia and its relationship with his past.

Göbeklitepe was included in the World Heritage Temporary List by UNESCO in 2011.

Where to See with Göbeklitepe Tour?

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You can see the historical and cultural richness of Şanlıurfa with the Göbeklitepe tour, which is very easy to reach Şanlıurfa city center, and you can have a pleasant cultural tour accompanied by the mystical atmosphere of the region. With this tour, you can visit Balıkgöl, Urfa Castle, Ulu Mosque and Tek Tek Mountains, visit Halfeti, an ancient settlement known as “Lost City” and “Hidden Paradise”, and examine the historical beauty of the region closely.

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